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Zophobas morio

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{{Template:New_Species_Page/Habitat
 
{{Template:New_Species_Page/Habitat
|Habitat = Superworms occur naturally in the tropical regions of Central and South America, but have spread across the world for use as food for reptiles and other insectivorous pets. They are often found amongst rotting logs and leaves.<ref>http://reptilesalive.com/news/tag/zophobas-morio/</ref>}}
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|Habitat = Superworms naturally occure in the tropical regions of Central and South America, but have spread across the world for use as food for reptiles and other insectivorous pets. They are often found amongst rotting logs and leaves.<ref>http://reptilesalive.com/news/tag/zophobas-morio/</ref>}}
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==Consumption==
   
==Diet==
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{{Template:New_Species_Page/Consumption
<nowiki/>  Superworms are traditionally fed potato, apple, or carrots as a water source in the pet trade since they are easy and cheap to find. Keeping them in bran flakes or rolled oats as substrate is acceptable for keeping them fed as well as allowing them to burrow and feel safe. Superworm larvae and their adult form both have been known to accept protein sources like dog or cat kibble and even dead fish, leaving nothing but tough skin and bones behind. They don't do well with pure fat or highly fatty food like avocado.
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|Consumption info = The adults have a hard shell and emit a foul odor which makes them an unlikely food source. The larva, however, are used in essentially the same fashion as common mealworms, and can therefore be substituted into any recipe that calls for mealworms.
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They can be stir fried, boiled, toasted, or sauteed, though care should be taken when exposing them to high heat. The high pressure which develop inside their shell at high temperatures can cause them to explode.
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Their chitin is relatively thick, compared to [[Tenebrio molitor]].
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The taste is described as similar to almonds.<ref>http://reptilesalive.com/news/tag/zophobas-morio/</ref>}}
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==Recipes==
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{{Template:New_Species_Page/Recipes
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|Internal Recipe 1 = Recipe:Mealworm crunch
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|Recipe category = Larvae
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|External Recipe 1 URL = http://www.insectsarefood.com/recipes.php?title=mealworm-french-fries
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|External Recipe 1 Name = Mealworm French Fries
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|External Recipe 2 URL = http://www.insectsarefood.com/recipes.php?title=banana-worm-bread
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|External Recipe 2 Name = Banana Worm Bread}} cool
   
 
==Farming==
 
==Farming==
Obtaining fully grown worms form a pet store can be the cheapest, easiest way to start a colony. Separating the worms into individual isolation containers will ensure they pupate into beetles. Any worms that haven't curled into a "C" shape or that don't pupate within 7-13 days may need to be fed and grow more before being able to pupate. Once your beetles have emerged you may place them into a container of some kind, possibly a storage tub or glass tank with a fine mesh top or many small drilled holes so they can breathe and let out excess humidity. You'll also need to pick a substrate like Eco-earth, rolled oats, bran flakes, or even regular soil baked at 350°F for 30 minutes to kill any other organisms living there as a safety precaution. They will also need things to climb on and under. Anything made of cardboard is suitable and cheap enough to discard when it becomes soiled. Once the beetles have gone from brown to black, feed them and provide moist food then wait for them to mate. Once the male has climbed on to the female and fertilized her eggs, he'll climb off and she will go lay them in the substrate or in a hard to reach place like in between two pieces of cardboard or up against the wall with her ovipositor. The mating and egg-laying process can take a few hours to complete for a single pair of beetles. After about a week or so, the larvae will start to emerge from their eggs, nearly too small to notice in the substrate. Once they are grown to your liking you can sift them out away from the beetles using a colander or mesh box with holes the beetles won't fit through. The beetles will continue to produce offspring as long as they aren't too old. Place the beetles back in their container with fresh substrate and repeat the process. Store and let your worms grow out in another container, regularly feeding them oats or bran along with potato or apple for moisture. Use for eating or feeding whatever you are breeding super worms for.
 
   
'''Disclaimer''': If you are eating them yourself, it is unknown if feeding the beetles protein-rich food affects the gut-flora of the human body. All that is known is the super worms themselves enjoy the protein. Also, housing them in anything but bran flakes or oats may be undesirable if the larvae are being used for entomophagy as the larvae themselves will eat their bedding. <u>This farming information comes from experience of breeding superworms for use in feeding reptiles. '''Eat at your own risk.'''</u>
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{{Template:New_Species_Page/Farming
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|Farming info = Zophobas morio is a prolific breeder, which makes it a top choice for reptile food. One important difference between superworms and other darkling beetle species is that the larvae will not pupate if they are in close proximity to one another, so it is important to separate any worms which will become breeding adults. Once each worm has been separated, the container(s) (such as film canisters or a box similar to a sectioned bead box) should be placed in a warm, dark area. Otherwise, their care is similar to that of [[Tenebrio molitor]]. They should be kept in shallow bins with a substrate of grains such as oats or bran. Additional pieces of carrot, potato, apple, cucumber or other fruit or vegetable should be provided as a source of moisture.
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This video demonstrates the breeding process.
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[[File:Breeding Superworms Quick Step By Step|thumb|300px|left]] {{clrl}}
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Additional written instructions can be found [http://www.progeckos.com/caresheets/superworm.pdf here].}}
   
 
==Legality==
 
==Legality==
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|Legality info = There are no known legal issues with the import, export, or sale of superworms.}}
 
|Legality info = There are no known legal issues with the import, export, or sale of superworms.}}
   
==<nowiki/>==
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==Buying==
   
 
{{Template:New_Species_Page/Buying
 
{{Template:New_Species_Page/Buying
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Fried superworm batch.jpg|Plate of fried superworms draining on paper towel
 
Fried superworm batch.jpg|Plate of fried superworms draining on paper towel
 
</gallery>{{clrl}}
 
</gallery>{{clrl}}
==References ==
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==References==
   
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
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